The 35 Best Museums In The World (Part 3)
The Grand Duke of Tuscany established the Galleria dell’Accademia in the 18th-century as a teaching facility for students of the Academy of Fine Arts. Michelangelo’s David joined the museum in 1873 from Piazza della Signoria, becoming the museum’s must-see attraction. The Academia Gallery also showcases a collection of antic musical instruments.
The National WWII Museum explains the grueling facts of the war — why it was fought, how it was won, and what it means today — from the American perspective. Two historians, Stephen Ambrose and Gordon H. “Nick” Mueller established the war museum in 2000, and it was later designated as America’s National WWII Museum by a 2004 act of Congress. The grounds include five pavilions that house historical exhibits, on-site restoration work, a period dinner theater and restaurants.
As the most-visited museum in Germany, the Pergamon houses reconstructions of massive archaeological structures like the Pergamon Altar, Market Gate of Miletus, the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, and the Mshatta Facade. During the 19th-century, the discovery of the ancient city of Troy by archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann fueled German researchers to travel to Babylon, Uruk, Ashur and Egypt to discover other worldly treasures. Museum Island become the location of preservation for these ancient treasures and later became the home to the Pergamon Museum.
The Getty Center is the west coast institution that hosts European paintings, drawings, sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, decorative arts and photography. The origins of the Getty dated back to 1953 when art collector J. Paul Getty established his own eponymous art trust and converted part of his ranch house into a museum. After his passing, the business man left the vast bulk of his estate to the J. Paul Getty Museum Trust which was put forth to establishment of the center. Along with the Vincent van Gogh’s masterpiece Irises, the grounds beautiful garden is a must-see.
While the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum didn’t officially open until 1976, the institution’s relation to aviation began at its creation with the first secretary of the Smithsonian, Joseph Henry. The physicist invited aeronaut Thaddeus S. C. Lowe to inflate a hot air balloon on the museum’s grounds in 1861, establishing the institution’s dedication to air and space education. The museum details America’s storied past of space exploration and aeronautics trial and error.
Brazilian collector and businessman, Ricardo Brennand inaugurated the non-profit cultural institution in 2002 with historic and artistic objects related to Colonial and Dutch Brazil. Instituto Ricardo Brennand’s architecture is inspired by a Tudor-style castle complete with drawbridge. The colonial Brazil museum features an impressive collection of 3,000 pieces of armory.
The 1937 creation of the National Gallery of Art is largely in part due to art collector and former secretary of the treasury, Andrew W. Mellon. The art enthusiast offered his expansive art collection to President Franklin D. Roosevelt for a new museum on the National Mall’s grounds to equal the national art museums of other countries. Architect John Russell Pope modeled the rotunda in the West Building after the ancient Roman Pantheon with barrel-vaulted sculpture halls to the east and west of it. The gallery provides a permanent home for nearly 4,000 European and American paintings, 3,000 sculptures, 31,000 drawings, 70,000 prints, and 12,000 photographs.
Yad Vashem serves as the World Holocaust Remembrance Center with its most notable installations being the Hall of Names — a memorial for each Jewish person murdered in the Holocaust. Designed by renowned architect Moshe Safdie, the center is located on Mount Herzi, also called the Mount of Remembrance, overlooking Jerusalem. The museum presents the story of the Holocaust through a Jewish perspective with original artifacts from victims, survivor testimonies, and personal possessions.
Inhotim houses one of the largest collections of contemporary art in Brazil along with one of the largest outdoor art centers in all of Latin America. As a way to protect the natural landscape surrounding his farmhouse in the mid-1980s, Minas Gerais businessman Bernardo de Mello Paz began buying the land surrounding the property. Soon after, Paz laid the foundation for Inhotim by converting his ranch into a 5,000-acre botanical garden. The gardens are now famous for containing rare species of plants from every continent.
This Argentine museum showcases Latin American art spanning from the early 20th century to the present including work from acclaimed artists like Frida Kahlo. The nonprofit museum was created by businessman Eduardo Costantini in 2001 with the museum’s permanent body of work coming from his personal Costantini Collection.
Explore the bicultural partnership between indigenous people and non-indigenous people at New Zealand’s national museum. Translated to “Our Place,” Te Pa emphasis on diversity began in 1865 with the opening of the Colonial Museum which included a number of paintings and ethnographic items from the indigenous Māori people. After a number of name changes, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa officially opened 1998, uniting National Museum and National Art Gallery as one entity. The vast 800,000 piece collection ranges from contemporary artworks to ancestral carvings in their Taonga Māori Collection.